Urology Diseases & Conditions

What is Urology

Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on the urinary tract and the male genital organs.


Patient and BUI Nurse

The urinary tract consists of the:

  • kidneys
  • bladder
  • ureters
  • urethra.

The organs covered by urology include the:

  • kidneys
  • ureters
  • urinary bladder
  • urethra
  • male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis)

Urology is a surgical speciality and can trace its origin to medieval lithologists, who specialized in surgical removal of bladder stones. Today, urology combines management of medical (i.e. non-surgical) problems such as urinary infections and surgical problems such as the correction of congenital abnormalities and the surgical management of cancers.

Only 15-20% of patients who are referred to Bristol Urological Institute by GPs require surgery. So, if you are referred to us this does not mean you will necessarily be advised to have an operation.

BUI Referrals

We can only accept referrals from your GP or a hospital consultant. If you have a urological problem, please visit your GP first. Your GP can decide whether referral is necessary or appropriate. Once you have been referred, you will be able to schedule an outpatient appointment. We may arrange for you to undergo some tests in advance of your appointment to speed the diagnostic process.

If you have concerns about appointments, investigations, admissions or results, contact your Consultant's secretary or if you prefer, you can talk with one of the Specialist Nurses.