Urology Diseases & Conditions

What is Urology

Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on the urinary tract and the male genital organs.

Patient and BUI NurseThe urinary tract consists of the:

  • kidneys
  • bladder
  • ureters
  • urethra.

The organs covered by urology include the:

  • kidneys
  • ureters
  • urinary bladder
  • urethra
  • male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis)

Urology is a surgical speciality and can trace its origin to medieval lithologists, who specialized in surgical removal of bladder stones. Today, urology combines management of medical (i.e. non-surgical) problems such as urinary infections and surgical problems such as the correction of congenital abnormalities and the surgical management of cancers.

Only 15-20% of patients who are referred to Bristol Urological Institute by GPs require surgery. So, if you are referred to us this does not mean you will necessarily be advised to have an operation.